Glossary of Research
These are tools to help you find periodical (journal, magazine,
or newspaper) articles and other sources of information. They also provide
brief summaries of articles. Most abstracts have a specific focus,
such as Psychological Abstracts or Biological Abstracts.
Abstracts can be in a print format, an electronic format, or both.
Now, many abstracts are in electronic format and are
often referred to as library subscription databases. The word abstract also refers
to a summary of an article or book.
Bibliography: A list of sources, such as books, articles, and
Web sites. This can be a list of sources used or referred to when
writing a research paper, or a list of sources compiled on a specific
Citations list pieces of information that describe a periodical
article or other information source. For example, an article citation typically includes the
name of the author(s), title of the article, name of the magazine, journal,
or information source, volume #, issue #, date and page numbers.
Citations are used in bibliographies and footnotes, such as in research
papers or journal articles.
These are tools that help you find periodical (journal, magazine,
or newspaper) articles and other sources of information. Indexes
can have a specific focus, such as Art Index, or be more general
in nature such as Academic Search Premier. Indexes can be in a
print format, an electronic format, or both. Now, many indexes
are in electronic format and are often referred to as library subscription databases.
Monograph: A scholarly book, book-length
essay, or pamphlet on a specific subject. The word book is often used
interchangeably with monograph, but books are just one type of
A term commonly used to refer to journals,
magazines, or newspapers. Periodicals
are issued on a regular basis and can also be referred to as "serials."
A term used to refer to original documents, research, or physical objects. These can include
such material as: diaries, speeches, letters, records of information,
newspaper & magazine articles, research articles, photographs, audio
What is the difference
between journals, magazines, newspapers?
Sometimes referred to as professional journals,
refereed journals, scholarly journals, or peer reviewed journals, these tend to be more
scholarly in nature. Journals report on research and other scholarly inquiry
conducted by professionals in
a particular field such as economics, literature, library science, and other areas corresponding
to programs of study in universities and colleges. Scholarly journal
articles are usually the more appropriate resource for writing papers
Magazines: Magazines tend to be
geared toward the general public. Time, Rolling Stone, and
Sports Illustrated are good examples of magazines. Magazine
articles are useful for getting introductory background on a topic,
current events, and hobby related activities.
Newspapers: Most newspapers are
published daily and are terrific sources for current events, and for
finding events that happened on specific days in the past. Some prestigious
newspapers, such as the New York Times, have material
that would be appropriate for class papers and assignments.